During the design process of any tent there are a number of different factors that can affect the tent manufacturing process. These include the financial cost of the tent as well as the intended use of the tent. The intended seasonal uses of the tent can vary from backpacking / hiking to the frequency of how often the tent will be put up and taken down and the size of the tent or how many it is expected to shelter.
How the Seasons Affect Design
If a tent is designed only for use in summer it will be very designed differently from one that is used in the depths of winter. However, the vast majority of manufacturers today design tents for more than one season. In fact, most tents will come with a label that states if the tent is a one-season, three-season or four season tent.
A one-season tent is generally designed for summer use only and is normally only able to cope with very mild weather conditions and light rains.
A three-season tent is designed for use in spring, summer and autumn. It is capable of withstanding fairly heavy rain, wind and very light snow.
A four-season tent is designed to be suitable for any weather conditions, including winter camping in all but the most extreme conditions.
Please Note! For extreme mountain conditions an expedition tent should be used. These are specifically designed to cope with the extreme wind, snow and temperature conditions encountered at high altitudes.
Size Influences Design
When a tent is designed its size plays a big role in the design and manufacturing process. The size of a tent can be determined by the number and even age of the people who will be utilizing the tent and whether it will be used to sleep or simply shelter the people using it. Also, to protect against bad weather some tents separate the covered living area from the sleeping area. This also plays a major part in determining the design of the tent that is being designed. Below we have included a few more factors that can influence tent size…
Other factors that determine design size:
Is the tent to be used on cycle tours? If yes then it needs to include enough space to provide cover for the bikes during bad weather conditions.
Does the tent need an awning? If this is the case then this must be taken into account when designing the product.
What is the internal height of the tent? This not only determines how much space is offered, but what design will be used. Ridge ones have steeply sloping roofs and the whole height is not usable. Dome ones slope gently from the peak enabling nearly the entire tent height to be used. Tunnel tents on the other hand have a good height only along the center line. Frame and cabin tents however have a gently sloping roof and near vertical walls that offer maximum height options.